The Education System in Canada
In Canada, the provinces and territories are individually responsible for primary, secondary and higher education. Every province has a Ministry/ Department of Education for educational policy, funding and quality assurance. Since 1967, the separate education departments have remained in regular contact throughout their participation in the Council ofMinisters of Education, Canada (CMEC).
Some higher education institutions are bilingual, such as the University of Ottawa and the Laurentian University. Canada is a bilingual country, the official languages being English (67% of the population) and French (13%, mostly in Quebec). 20% of the population has a native language that is neither English nor French. French is mostly used in Quebec. In Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario,Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and North-West Territories education is mainly offered in English, but also in some cases in French, while Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island. British Columbia and Yukon offer their education solely in English.
The Canadian academic year runs from September through to June, although in some cases January admissions are allowed.
Following secondary school, students with a practical take on life prefer to continue with vocational education. Offerings range from individual courses through to technician and artisan training that takes 2 to 3 years.
Academic education in Ontario and English-speaking provinces:
There are 93 universities or institutions that provide university education and are a members of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). As is the case in the United States, there are differences between universities. Canada has 3 types of universities, described as: • Primarily undergraduate: universities whose focus is more on undergraduate education, and less on graduate programmes; • Comprehensive: universities that provide undergraduate and graduate programmes; • Medical doctoral: universities that offer undergraduate and graduate programmes, specialize in conducting a lot of research and have a medical faculty.
Academic education in Quebec:
University education has a long history in Quebec: Université Laval was founded in 1663, making it one of the oldest universities in North America. The province’s largest university is the University of Quebec, which has 11 different campuses. The most notable of these are Chicoutimi, Montréal, Outaouais, Rimousku, and Trois Rivières. There are also English-speaking universities: McGill, Concordia and Bishop’s. Universities in Quebec are also members of the AUCC, and have the same structure (Bachelor’s/Master’s/PhD) as the English-speaking universities. There are some differences, however. French terminology, for example, refers to the 1er (Bachelier), 2ème (Maîtrise) and 3ème cycle (Doctor of Philosophy). Another difference is the nominal length of the Baccalauréat (Bachelier-) programme in Quebec, which is 3 years. The Diplôme d’Études Supérieures Spécialisées (2 ème cycle) is a specialized graduate programme, taking approximately 1 to 2 years to complete following a Bachelier programme. There are 2 types of master’s programmes: the Maîtrise de recherche (research master) with a mémoire (final paper) and the Maîtrise professionnelle (professional master) without a mémoire, which normally take 1½ to 2 years
Eduniversal in Canada: 26 schools
Schools with 5 Palmes 7
Schools with 4 Palmes 8
Schools with 3 Palmes 11
Schools with 2 Palmes 0
Schools with 1 Palme 0
Useful links to studying in Canada
Study Abroad Canada: https://www.studyabroad.com/in-canada